What is Cow Milk Allergy? What are the signs of it? How can it be treated?

What is Cow Milk Allergy?

Cow milk allergy occurs when the body’s immune system reacts with milk proteins by producing IgE antibodies, activating inflammatory cells or by combining them. There are 25 different proteins in the cow’s blood that can cause an allergic reaction, which can be harmful to people with allergies. Some allergic people can react to one of these proteins and some to allergic reactions. There are some of these proteins in the milk of animals like horses and goats. So it would be better for people with cow’s milk allergy to stay away from the milk of mammals.

Such an allergic reaction does not occur to the mother. However, if the mother consumes milk and dairy products, milk proteins may pass through the mother’s milk to the baby, creating the same allergic effects.

The signs of Cow Milk Allergy

The type of allergy that may occur depends on the person. Some of the symptoms may be harmless, some people may have quite severe allergic reactions. Symptoms are particularly common in the stomach and intestines that will disturb the person. In addition, itching is common in the mouth and throat, itching, mucosal swelling and shortness of breath. Eczema and hives on the skin are more common in children.

Milk allergy is unlikely to be the cause of anaphylaxis. For this reason, you should be very careful. Although anaphylaxis is a problem that begins with mild effects, it can be effective quickly and can lead to death.

Who has the Cow Milk Allergy?

Although milk allergy affects people of all ages, it is the most common type of allergy among children. Allergic reactions arise from the fact that cows are fed with milk from early on. Children develop immunity in a short period of time, while some survive allergies before reaching the age of 1.5, most of them get rid of this allergic effect until the third year of life. However, some people live with cow milk allergy throughout their lives.

How is Cow Milk Allergy treated?

After the detection of the allergen, patients are kept away from milk and milk-made foods as there is no effective treatment. Other medicines may be used to reduce the effects of the symptoms. Creams can be used especially for skin rashes. Other nutrients need to be consumed in order to meet the patient’s calcium needs. Not consuming only milk and dairy products will reduce the symptoms in the patient. However, calcium should definitely be supported in other ways. Because children need this important minerals during the development period.